Named after the River Pench. The life-line of the Pench National Park. Flowing north to south before joining the Kanhan River and splitting the Pench national park. It is regarded as one of the most picturesque national parks of the region.
Considered some of the most significant and critical tiger habitat remaining in central India.
The general topography of Pench Tiger Reserve is mostly undulating, characterized by small ridges and hills having steep slopes, with a number of seasonal streams carving the terrain into many folds and furrows.
Spanning over a total protected region of over 1920 sq km.straddling two states, the area is considered as one of the most prime and critical tiger habitat remaining in central India. As of May 2017, the number of tigers in Pench Tiger Reserve has increased up to 44 as compared to 31 in 2016.
The carnivore fauna is represented by the Tiger (Panthera tigris), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Dhole or Indian Wild Dog (Cuon alpinus), Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), and Small Indian Civet (Viverricula indica).
Wolves (Canis lupus) occur on the fringes and outside the Reserve limits. Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena), Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus), Golden Jackal (Canis aureus), and Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) make up the rest of the carnivore fauna of the Reserve. Chital (Axis axis), Sambar (Rusa unicolor), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), Wild Pig (Sus scrofa), Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjac) and Chowsinga (Tetraceros quadricornis), are the wild ungulate species found in the study area. The common Northern Plains Gray Langur (Semnopithecus entellus) and Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) represent the primate fauna of the area. The Indian Porcupine (Hystrix indica), two species of mongoose viz. Common Mongoose(Herpestes edwardsii) and Ruddy Mongoose (Herpestes smithii), and Black-naped Hare (Lepus nigricollis nigricollis) also occur in this Tiger Reserve.