Ranthambore is blessed with a rich diversity of wildlife, history and culture. It represents some of India’s best tiger tracking but also some of India busiest tiger tourism.
The National Park sprawls languidly across 824 sq. km. of contiguous, dry-deciduous forests where the rolling Vindhya and craggy Aravalli Hills meet.
In comparison to most national parks, Ranthambore is less densely forested making sightings easier. It is cradled in an area that is just over a 150 square miles in the Aravalli and Vindhya hill ranges. In addition, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve sits surrounding a chain of lakes.
It is because of this permanent water, wildlife flourishes here. Besides it’s prolific wildlife, Ranthambore also has a long history of human inhabitation and battles dating back to the 11th century. Dominating this Tiger Reserve is the historic Ranthambore Fort. Once it was the focal point of a rigorous city. The fort makes an amazing backdrop to this unique tiger reserve.
The park lies at the edge of a plateau and is bounded in the north by the Banas river and to the south the Chambal river. The park’s forests were once the private hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur, but today Ranthambhore is a prime example of Project Tiger’s conservation efforts and is an important destination for visitors hoping to see the Bengal tiger in its natural habitat.
Other major fauna include Leopard, Jungle Cat, Caracal, Sloth Bear, Hyena, Indian Fox, Jackal, Sambar and spotted deer, Nilgai and wild boar. Over 260 species of birds are reported. Marsh crocodiles are found in the lakes and river and the endangered Gharial and Gangetic river Dolphin is found in the Chambal river. The area is peppered with old crumbling walls, ruined pavilions, wells and other relics of a glorious past, including the impressive 10th century Ranthambhore fort.